94 years of economic insights for Indiana

The IBR is a publication of the Indiana Business Research Center at IU's Kelley School of Business

Anderson Forecast 2011

Director of Research, Center for Business and Economic Research, Ball State University

The data available thus far for 2010 suggest that the economic situation in the Anderson Metropolitan Statistical Area (Madison County) has improved over the past year. Aside from the Indianapolis Colts training camp moving back to Anderson after more than a 10-year absence, there are several encouraging signs in the local economy. The number of jobs and the population have remained steady. This could represent a turning point.

Anderson, like other cities in the Midwest, is struggling to redefine itself after the great exodus of large-scale manufacturing firms over the past several decades. Added to this mix is the necessary restructuring of local government activities due to property tax caps. To its credit, Anderson has some high-profile companies such as Bright Automotive (hybrid electric vehicles) and Coes (antimicrobial additives) working on new technologies and the Flagship Enterprise Center is expanding.

This article includes the most current data available on various measures of economic activity from public sources for the Anderson metro area in order to analyze changes over the past year. A summary of the labor market forecast for the Anderson area is included in the conclusion.

Labor Markets

In Madison County, the unemployment rate peaked at 11.9 percent in early 2010 (see Table 1). The preliminary unemployment rate for September 2010 is 10.7 percent, higher than both the state (9.5 percent) and nation (9.2 percent) using the not seasonally adjusted data. The number of unemployed workers in Madison County has trended down slowly since March but the labor force has also decreased; this led to the stubbornly high unemployment rates for the county and suggests that frustrated job seekers are continuing to drop out of the labor market, that residents are migrating out of the area, or both.

Table 1: Labor Force and Unemployment for Madison County, September 2009 to September 2010

Year Month Labor Force Unemployed Unemployment Rate
2009 September 61,358 6,073 9.9
October 61,298 6,228 10.2
November 60,966 6,164 10.1
December 60,298 6,442 10.7
Annual 62,046 6,633 10.7
2010 January 60,427 7,040 11.7
February 60,394 7,175 11.9
March 60,717 7,238 11.9
April 61,067 6,764 11.1
May 62,156 6,757 10.9
June 61,771 7,176 11.6
July 61,509 7,165 11.6
August 61,539 7,021 11.4
September* 60,674 6,476 10.7

*September 2010 data are preliminary.
Note: Data are not seasonally adjusted.
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Current Employment Statistics data show a relatively stable jobs situation in 2010. Total nonfarm jobs in Madison County increased by about 100 jobs to around 40,800. This is a decrease of about 6,500 jobs since 2000 but is the first positive increase in year-over-year employment in the 2000s. Manufacturing (adding more than 150 jobs) and trade, transportation and utilities (adding more than 140 jobs) were the sectors with the most job growth. Losses were in information, leisure and hospitality and other services (see Table 2).

Table 2: Anderson Metro Employment by Industry, Year-to-Date 2009 to 2010

Industry 2010 Change since 2009 Percent Change 2009–2010
Total Nonfarm 40,822 100 0.2
Total Private 33,967 100 0.3
Goods-Producing 5,100 100 2.0
Manufacturing 3,822 156 4.2
Service-Providing 35,722 0 0.0
Trade, Transportation and Utilities 8,556 144 1.7
Information 511 -78 -13.2
Professional and Business Services 3,033 11 0.4
Educational and Health Services 8,022 11 0.1
Leisure and Hospitality 5,500 -56 -1.0
Financial Activities 1,600 33 2.1
Other Services 1,644 -67 -3.9
Government 6,968 68 1.0

Note: Data are January to September of each year. September 2010 data are preliminary.
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

This marks the first net increase in manufacturing employment in this millennium, but it is small relative to the thousands of manufacturing jobs that have been lost over the past four years. (These numbers are preliminary and may be adjusted in the coming months.) The Anderson MSA began the millennium with around 10,500 manufacturing jobs and currently has around 3,800. The peak for manufacturing employment was around 30,000 jobs in the early 1970s.

Average wages were about the same as last year at $572 per week during the first quarter of 2010 (the most recent data available) and are lower than the state average of $739 for the same period. Table 3 shows average weekly wages (not adjusted for inflation) for the first quarter of 2009 and the first quarter of 2010. Several sectors experienced decreases in wages. The hardest hit sectors were transportation and warehousing (-9.1 percent); administrative, support and waste management services (-5.9 percent); and information (-5.3 percent). The sectors with the largest gains in weekly wages were finance and insurance (7.2 percent); agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (6.9 percent); and wholesale trade (6.1 percent). The inflation rate between the first quarters of 2009 and 2010 was 2.4 percent, so workers in sectors with wage growth below 2.4 percent are worse off in 2010 relative to 2009.

Table 3: Average Weekly Wages in Anderson Metro, 2009:1 to 2010:1

Industry 2009:1 2010:1 Percent Change
Total $570 $572 0.4%
Finance and Insurance 693 743 7.2
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting 508 543 6.9
Wholesale Trade 758 804 6.1
Public Administration 680 721 6.0
Construction 665 694 4.4
Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation 370 385 4.1
Manufacturing 824 856 3.9
Other Services (Except Public Administration) 346 359 3.8
Retail Trade 385 385 0.0
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 637 637 0.0
Real Estate and Rental and Leasing 451 448 -0.7
Management of Companies and Enterprises 1456 1440 -1.1
Health Care and Social Services 649 634 -2.3
Educational Services 683 667 -2.3
Information 587 556 -5.3
Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services 405 381 -5.9
Transportation and Warehousing 727 661 -9.1

Note: Data are not adjusted for inflation.
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Housing

The housing market shows weak signs of recovery in Madison County. Residential construction as measured by new single- and multi-family housing units shows an increase with 48 permits issued between January and September 2010 (see Figure 1). This is substantially lower than the number of permits issued during the same months earlier in the decade.

Figure 1: Madison County Residential Building Permits, Year-to-Date 2004 to 2010Figure 1: Madison County Residential Building Permits, Year-to-Date 2004 to 2010

Note: Data are January to September totals for each year.
Source: IBRC, using U.S. Census Bureau data

Sales of existing homes show no sign of recovery yet (see Table 4). Home sales through September 2010 decreased more than 10 percent relative to the same period in 2009 to just under 2,500 units. The average price of homes sold was almost 7 percent higher, but that is likely due to the mix of houses sold during this period.

Table 4: Madison County Residential Real Estate Sales, Year-to-Date 2005 to 2010

Year Units Sold Average Price
2005 3,586 $91,101
2006 3,722 84,352
2007 3,676 79,652
2008 3,064 77,362
2009 2,777 70,287
2010 2,495 74,892
Change 2009 to 2010 -282 4,605
Percent Change -10.2% 6.6%

Note: Data are January to September totals for each year. Dollar values are not adjusted for inflation.
Source: Metro Indianapolis Board of Realtors

Social Safety Net

Changes in the number of food stamp recipients and the dollar amount of food stamp payments is one indicator of economic distress in a community. The number of food stamp recipients and the corresponding amount of food stamps issued increased dramatically during the past year in Madison County (see Table 5). The number of food stamp recipients increased almost 20 percent, with the total averaging more than 18,000 individuals (about 14 percent of the population in the county) during the January to May time period. The average monthly dollar amount distributed in food stamps increased by more than 25 percent to exceed $2.4 million. This increase reflects the state of the economy in east-central Indiana, the slow recovery from the recession, and may also reflect changes to the state administration of assistance programs.

Table 5: Food Stamp Recipients in Madison County, Year-to-Date 2003 to 2010

Year Average Monthly Food Stamps Issued Number of Food Stamp Recipients
2003 $1,013,779 11,910
2004 1,133,426 13,168
2005 1,370,772 14,447
2006 1,458,962 15,350
2007 1,497,539 15,581
2008 1,520,783 14,402
2009 1,920,528 15,340
2010 2,410,044 18,310
Change 2009 to 2010 489,517 2,970
Percent Change 25.5% 19.4%

Note: Data are January to May totals for each year. Dollar values are not adjusted for inflation.
Source: STATS Indiana, using FSSA data

Gaming

May 2010 marked the second full year of operation of Hoosier Park Casino. The recession affected casino winnings and the wagering tax generated at Hoosier Park. Winnings decreased 0.5 percent to $201.1 million. The wagering tax revenues generated from these winning decreased 0.7 percent to $55.4 million. For fiscal year 2010, Hoosier Park ranked sixth of the 13 Indiana casinos in terms of total winnings. Last November, Ohio voters approved a ballot initiative to allow casinos in Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus and Toledo. The Cincinnati and Columbus casinos are likely to draw patrons from the same geographic area as Indiana’s Hoosier Park Casino. The new Columbus and Toledo casinos are currently scheduled to open in 2012.

Outlook

The official numbers show some small improvements over the situation last year in some areas: the level of employment in the county has increased slightly, and average wages have been steady. The high unemployment rate and corresponding increases in the number of people needing public assistance, the slow rate of home sales, and the decreasing labor force in the county are the dark clouds.

In the coming year, we expect employment to remain steady and small gains in income (in the 2 to 3 percent range) as the economy continues to recover.1